Bloch, Felix


Bloch, Felix
► (1905-83) Físico suizo. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1952, compartido con E. M. Purcell, por el descubrimiento del método de las resonancias nucleares para el estudio del núcleo atómico.

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(23 oct. 1905, Zurich, Suiza–10 sep. 1983, Zurich).

Físico estadounidense nacido en Suiza. Emigró a EE.UU. en 1933 y enseñó en la Universidad de Stanford (1934–71). Trabajó en energía atómica en Los Álamos y en contramedidas de radar en la Universidad de Harvard durante la segunda guerra mundial. En 1954 se convirtió en el primer director general del CERN. Compartió el Premio Nobel de Física de 1952 con Edward Purcell (n. 1912–m. 1997) por la creación del método de resonancia magnética nuclear para medir los campos magnéticos de los núcleos atómicos.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

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  • BLOCH, FELIX — (1905–1983), U.S. physicist and Nobel Prize laureate. Bloch was born in Zurich. He studied first at the Federal Institute of Technology, where his interest in physics developed and he received his Ph.D. in theoretical physics under Heisenberg s… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bloch, Felix — born Oct. 23, 1905, Zürich, Switz. died Sept. 10, 1983, Zürich Swiss born U.S. physicist. He emigrated to the U.S. in 1933 and taught at Stanford University (1934–71). He worked on atomic energy at Los Alamos and on radar countermeasures at… …   Universalium

  • Bloch , Felix — (1905–1983) Swiss–American physicist Bloch was born in Zürich, Switzerland, and educated at the Federal Institute of Technology there and at the University of Leipzig, where he obtained his PhD in 1928. He taught briefly in Germany and in 1933… …   Scientists

  • Bloch, Felix — (1905–1983)    US physicist and Nobel laureate, 1952. Born in Switzerland, Bloch graduated from the University of Leipzig in 1928 and worked with such renowned scientists as Carl Heisenberg, Niels BOHR and Enrico Fermi. During these years he made …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Bloch, Felix — (1905 83)    Swiss American physicist. Born in Zurich, he studied engineering at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. With the rise of Hitler, he settled in the US and took up a position at Stanford University. During World War II he was… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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  • Bloch-Sphäre — Bloch Kugel Die Bloch Kugel wird in der Quantenmechanik verwendet, um Zustände von Qubits grafisch darzustellen. Benannt wurde sie nach dem Physiker Felix Bloch, der diese übersichtliche Illustration für Überlagerungen von Zuständen entwickelte.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • BLOCH (F.) — BLOCH FELIX (1905 1983) Physicien suisse, naturalisé américain (1939), professeur à l’université de Stanford (Ca.), prix Nobel de physique (avec E. M. Purcell, 1952), Bloch a effectué de nombreux travaux théoriques et parfois expérimentaux, en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle